There are two part of a narrative The story and the plot.
The story: this is the chronological order of all the events presented and inferred by the media text.
The plot: this is the way in which events are put together and presented to the audience.
Todorov Suggested that there are 5 main points of a narrative these are as followed
Equilibrium: this is considered perfect situation, where everything is as it should be.
A disruption of the equilibrium: something comes along and changes the perfect situation, usually for the worst.
Recognition of the disruption: the character realises there is a problem an attempts to make a fix of it
An attempt to repair the disruption: this is the characters attempt at repairing the problem that disrupts the equilibrium
New equilibrium: this is the reinstatement of the equilibrium or as close to as the character can get.